The Most Common Types of Bone Grafting

March 1, 2019

What is Bone Grafting?

The bone grafting is a procedure which allows the dentist near Oswego to rebuild and strengthen the upper and lower jaws. It can address the isolated bone loss and widespread degeneration. There are different types of bone grafting material which includes natural as well as synthetic options.

Bone grafting is performed for correcting the effects of injuries as well as a part of the preparation before the dental implants. Bone grafting increases the chances of success of dental implants as the implant successfully fuses with the jaw and helps patients who are not considered good candidates.

Types of Bone Grafting

  • Autologous/ Autogenous Bone Grafting

In this type of grafting, the bone is taken from patient’s own body. For performing the autologous bone grafting, the dentist in Villa park, IL uses the bone tissue from your chin or another area for replacing the decreased jawbone while preparing for dental implants. However, if the bone in these areas is not enough, the tissue graft may be taken form hip or shinbone.

  • Allografts

An allograft is harvested from the deceased donor. However, before using the bone or other tissue, the donor is thoroughly screened to find out if any infectious disease is present. Then the bone undergoes a series of treatment for making it compatible with the recipient for minimizing any immune reaction.

  • Xenografts

The Xenograft is taken from an animal source which is a cow or pig. The bone is carefully processed so that remaining tissue is made up of mineral components. Xenografts work well in rebuilding the bone because they act as both a mechanical and biological placeholder in the jaw. They add physical support to the surgical site and body replaces the Xenograft with new bone over the time.

  • Alloplastic Grafts

It’s composed of material which is not taken from animal or human source. They can be derived from natural sources, synthetic substances or combination of both. These grafts can be made of Hydroxyapatite, calcium carbonate, and tricalcium phosphate. Hydroxyapatite is used because of its strength and durability.

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